The AI revolution has been described by some as tantamount to a “new industrial revolution”, which may change dramatically the ways in which societies operate, harbingering new models of economic life, new forms of government and perhaps also new understandings of the very notion of humanity.
The AI revolution has considerable legal and ethical implications, which invite fundamental policy choices. These range from new models of liability for harms created by non-human decision makers, the regulatory framework governing the operation of robots, the creation of new human rights corresponding to AI-dominated social conditions, to the introduction of new legal persons (e.g., AI systems). Multiple second-order law and policy questions are also raised, relating to how regulation should be brought about, how should regulation be divided between private or public law (e.g., insurance, strict civil liability, licensing or criminal liability), and what is the role of international law in this context. Questions related to the capacity of existing laws, institutions, ethical notions and cyber security systems to contain these new developments underlie many of the existing law and policy debates.
9:00-9:30 – Opening Remarks (Watch the Video)
Eynan Lichterman, Israel National Cyber Directorate
Yuval Shany, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Tal Zarsky, University of Haifa
9:30-11:00 – Keynote (Watch the Video): Sarit Kraus, Bar-Ilan University – Computer Agents that Interact Proficiently with People
Discussant: Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Israel Democracy Institute.
11:00-11:15 – Coffee Break
11:15-12:45 – AI and Legal Personalities, Old and New (Watch the Video)
Chair: Dan Efrony, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Noam Lubell, University of Essex – Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, and the Use of Force by States (Presentation)
Migle Laukyte, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid – Stairway to Personhood: People, Corporations, and AI
Myriam Feinberg, University of Haifa – Sofia the Robot – a Study of International Law Applied to Artificial Intelligence
Oren Gross, University of Minnesota Law School – Is 'Meaningful Human Control' Meaningful?
12:45-14:15 – Lunch
14:15-15:45 – Keynote (Watch the Video): Shai Shalev-Shwartz, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem – Responsibility Sensitive Safety of Self-Driving Cars
Discussant: Oron Shagrir, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
15:45-16:00 – Coffee Break
16:00-17:30 – AI and Human Rights Challenges (Watch the Video)
Chair: Yuval Shany, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Vivian Ng, University of Essex – Can a Human Rights-Based Approach Add Value to Accountability of Algorithmic and Artificial Intelligence Systems?
Karen Eltis, University of Ottawa – The Impact of AI on Constitutional Rights and their Enforcement: A Canadian Perspective
Lokke Moerel, Global ICT Law at Tilburg University and member of the Dutch Cyber Security Council – Ethics in the Age of AI
See also: Day II